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The Anthropocene: age of human driven climate

Schellnhuber: “The emissions so far already suffice to suppress the next ice ages.”

Earlier this week I was in Potsdam to interview Professor John Schellnhuber, the founding Director of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (PIK). The interview coincided with the release of a new iconic paper in the scientific journal, Nature, titled, ‘Critical insolation - CO2 relation for diagnosing past and future glacial inception’ that finalises the assertion that we are in a new geological epoch called the “Athropocene”.


Man made climate

Schellnhuber says with restrained poignancy: “Humankind is a stronger force on Earth now than, you know, the orbital forces and all things like that. It is fascinating but also very scary!”

By looking at ice core data covering the last 800,000 years, the research shows how scientists can determine the function that causes periods of “glacial inceptions”, or more commonly known as ice ages.

Although there has been much speculation around the longer lasting role of increased levels of greenhouse gases, this paper confirms that “the timing of glacial inceptions can be explained  by the CO2 concentration and the -CO2 relation.” This is essentially warming or cooling of the planet based on the concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere.

The importance of the evidence that humans are now driving, climate led Schellnhuber to state: “I think it is a fascinating paper; one of the best I was involved with.”

Did we call off an ice-age 200 years ago?

The paper says: “Ice core data shows that at every previous glaciation period, CO2 in the atmosphere was lower, usually around 240 parts per million (ppm).” 

Before the industrial revolution atmospheric carbon was at around 280ppm, thus 40ppm above the level needed to trigger an ice age. There is a lot of speculation and uncertainty as to whether changes in land use by humans prior to the industrial revolution caused the increase from 240ppm to 280ppm. If this were to be the case then it would show that human action literally called off an ice age.

Predicting future ice ages

Schellnhuber makes it very clear: “Actually the next two natural ice ages would happen in eighty and ninety thousand years, but they are called off… by human interference. The emissions so far already suffice to suppress the next ice ages.”

It is precisely this human interference from burning fossil fuels that caused the initial speculation that we might be altering the Earth’s climate, leading Nobel Prize winning scientist, Paul Crutzen, to label it the “anthropocene”


Worsening impacts of climate change are taking effect around the world. Having evidence that the next ice ages will be delayed adds a layer of concern regarding the geophysical changes that occurring on Earth due to human activity.

We maybe the drivers of global climate but we appear to be asleep at the wheel, as the evidence for anthropogenic global warming has been around for decade. Only now are politicians, the public and big business starting to take the risks posed more seriously.

On the positive side we can sigh with relief that we have called off the next two ice ages that would represent a very difficult challenge for human civilisation. However, temper that relief with the growing likelihood that if we don’t wake up to climate change, it is unlikely that humanity will exist on Earth in anything like fifty thousand years!


More posts by Nick Breeze

Earlier this week Environment Minister Michael Gove stated that he was convinced “climate change is a danger”, stating that it “is one of the biggest threats and challenges to biodiversity in the UK”.

By localising the issue to the UK, Gove seeks to belittle the global risk posed by climate change. This week, German Chancellor Angela Merkel’s chief science adviser and founding director of the Potsdam Institute, Professor Schellnhuber was in London speaking at the Royal Society. When I asked him to respond to the Environment Minister’s comments he replied:  

In part 1 of this wide ranging interview, Anton Golub discusses why the world needs Lykke, the truth about financial regulators and why only 1% Initial Coin Offerings (ICO’s) they assess make it onto the exchange.

Anton Golub: The core vision of Lykke is the vision of Richard Olsen, the founder of Lykke. I am a cofounder. I met him seven years ago when I joined him for an internship.

I sat down to eat my croissant and he sat down next to me and said: “Anton, we have to completely  change the financial system. It totally doesn’t work. Everything is broken inside.”


Interview by Nick Breeze with Dr Natalia Shakhova and Dr Igor Semiletov

A new scientific paper published in Nature Communication Journal demonstrates that the mechanisms of destabilisation of subsea permafrost, contrary to previous claims, provide new insights into increased emissions from the worlds largest deposits of methane, that exists in the East Siberian Arctic Shelf (ESAS).

The subsea permafrost has for thousands of years acted as a seal, restricting the flow of gas through the water column to the atmosphere. This paper clearly shows that permafrost degradation and the occurrence of gas migration pathways are key factors in controlling the emissions.  


The lady who ushered in the Paris Agreement now wants to ramp up the pace and ensure the world reaches peak emissions by 2020, leading to total decarbonisation by 2050. The whole campaign hinges on the a new report that cites 2020 as a critical milestone for stemming the effects of climate change.

Christiana Figueres is persuasive and influential but in light of recent world events that include the destabilisation of the EU as a political block, and the openly anti-climate action administration of President Trump, it is very clear that the world has changed since Paris.

READ THE COMMENT: Does Figueres interview give clues as to why we went backwards from Copenhagen to Paris?


Centre for Science and Policy (CSaP): 2017 Climate Change Seminar Series

Science, politics, knowledge management, innovation and markets all play a role in climate change action, but what is the role of the University of Cambridge as an ‘anchor institution’ for these? Bringing together speakers spanning the worlds of research and policy, this series of events will explore how the multifaceted aspects of climate change action can come together to help us make the right decisions for the long run.  

The window of opportunity is closing… but the price of failure is still too high!

The rate of ecological destruction is now so bad that the fate of our civilisation literally hangs in the balance. The loss of the Arctic polar ice cap, the melting from above and below of Antarctica, the culling and collapse of forests and dying oceans, failing ecosystems, our atmosphere burdened with hundreds of billions of tonnes of extra greenhouse gases, and still each week scientists report more broken links in the chains of interconnectedness that sustain each one of us, rich and poor, on this planet. Despite all this, the great human enterprise built on a foundation of carbon, rumbles on in search of new fixes.